Healthy gums are the foundation for dental health and also play a role in overall well being. Gum disease has been linked to an increased risk of systemic and cardiovascular health issues, including diabetes and stroke.
Gum disease is one of the most common dental health issues today, with over 75% of adults having some form of the disease at some point in their lives.
Known as the “silent disease, many do not realize that they have gum disease until they visit Woodbridge dentist Dr. Cavallo for a regular visit or come in for an emergency visit due to a more serious problem. In advanced stages, gum disease can even lead to tooth loss.
Stages of Gum Disease
Gingivitis: this is the earliest stage of gum disease and when it is the most treatable. Gingivitis may be characterized by sensitive or bleeding gums because the soft tissue has become somewhat inflamed due to the presence of harmful bacteria.
Periodontitis: the later form of gum disease, periodontitis develops when gum disease has advanced enough to cause substantial irritation and swelling, creating pockets around the teeth where bacteria can get in and affect the tooth structure, often leading to loose or lost teeth.
Dr. Cavallo offers periodontal therapy to treat gum disease and restore oral health. For patients with gingivitis, or the earliest signs of gum disease, a thorough cleaning may be sufficient. In some cases a procedure called scaling and root planing, an intense cleaning and scraping of the deeper recesses of the gums, is required to remove plaque and prevent further damage.
For patients who have more advanced gum disease such as periodontitis, Dr. Cavallo may recommend a more complex procedure such as surgery on the affected tissue.
Restoring gum health is important in order to keep the teeth strong and healthy- maintaining a good oral hygiene routine at home is also an part of keeping gum disease from developing or returning.