Periodontal Disease Treatment Woodbridge, VA

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an inflammatory condition that affects the tissues surrounding and supporting teeth. The beginning stages start with gingivitis, which is the early stage of gum disease. Without treatment, it can progress to periodontitis. Periodontitis has severe side effects that can greatly damage your oral health. Therefore, it is better to prevent gum disease before it starts. 

Periodontal Disease Treatment in Woodbridge, VA

Early Detection and Treatment

Gum disease is a progressive condition, but its early stages are reversible with the proper care. Regular dental visits are crucial for early detection and treatment. It allows us the opportunity to monitor your tooth and gum health before gum disease starts. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss, bone damage, and even affect overall health. It has been linked to conditions like heart disease and diabetes. 

If you notice any signs of gum disease, such as swollen or bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, or changes in the position of your teeth, talk to your dentist promptly. With the right treatment, you can maintain healthy gums and a beautiful smile for years to come. 

Periodontal Disease Treatment Options in Woodbridge, VA

Your treatment options depend on the extent of your gum disease infection.

Professional Dental Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing): In the early stages of gum disease (gingivitis), a professional dental cleaning can remove plaque and tartar buildup. This process, called scaling, removes deposits from above and below the gum line. Root planning then smooths the tooth roots to discourage further buildup. 

Improved Oral Hygiene Practices: Good oral hygiene habits are crucial for managing and preventing gum disease. This includes regular brushing (at least twice a day), flossing, and using an antiseptic mouthwash. 

Antibacterial Mouthwash or Medication: Dentists may recommend an antibacterial mouthwash or rinse to help control bacteria and reduce inflammation. Furthermore, they may prescribe antibiotics, both oral and topical, to help control bacterial infection in the gums.

Pocket Reduction Surgery: In more advanced cases of periodontitis, where pockets have formed between the teeth and gums, surgery may be necessary. Flap surgery involves lifting the gums to remove tartar deposits and reduce pocket depth, then securing the gums back in place. 

Bone Grafts: Severe gum disease can lead to bone loss around the teeth. Bone grafting can regenerate lost bone tissue and provide support for the teeth. If gum recession has occurred, gum graft surgery can restore gum tissue around the teeth. 

Factors for Periodontal Disease

There are many different reasons why patients may develop gum disease. If you know what is the cause behind your infection, it can help you seek treatment and stay healthy. 

Plaque Buildup: The main cause of gum disease is the buildup of plaque–a sticky film of bacteria–on the teeth. If you don’t remove it through regular brushing and flossing, plaque can harden into tartar, which irritates the gums. This can also cause an infection. 

Tobacco Use: Smoking or chewing tobacco increases the risk of gum disease. Furthermore, it can make treatment less effective. 

Genetics: Unfortunately, some people may be more genetically predisposed to gum disease. 

Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuation during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can make gums more sensitive and prone to inflammation.